Elements of traditional Japanese interiors
Shoji screens and tatami mats are the inherent elements of traditional Japanese Interior design. In contrast with the Interior spaces in Western world of interiors, where roles of rooms are distinctly defined, in Japanese house one room might be used for a few various purposes. The freedom in transforming spaces is possible thanks to usage of shoji screens and light furniture .
In Japanese houses open-air style is created by minimum amount of walls and usage of furniture . The traditional interior spaces are not divided by solid walls- Shoji screens are more practical solution. Tatami mats are multi-functional, as they can be used for sleeping, sitting . Japanese people cultivate custom of sitting on the floor and tatami mats are used as chairs, beds, tables. Because of their light weight, they are easily movable. This multi-tasking furniture might cause feeling of emptiness in spaces , as traditional Japanese interiors furniture is limited to minimum. In the evening, cushions and beddings are brought to the rooms and laid on tatami mats. In the morning soft furniture is removed and placed in the storage, and the space can be used for different purpose. Meals with family can be held in the same space, by simply bringing in low table and cushions.
Like it’s shown on the picture above ( A Japanese touch for your home,1982; p.43) one space can be used various in-door activities and arranged for various situations by moving light furniture and partitioning. Fitted wall closets which are in every room are used a storage for small furniture pieces. Minimum amount of furniture and creates the feeling of calmness and relax, because of lack of distractions.
Touch of nature
Wood, bamboo and paper are a few of the main materials used in Japanese interior spaces. Organic materials and neutral colours and flower arrangements provide the feeling of closeness to Nature.
Translucent sliding doors -shoji screens
Shoji screens allow the air to blast through the houses and provide natural ventilation. Their aim is also to control amount of light which gets inside the house. They can provide privacy and create imaginative frame for all kind of spots and type of weather. In addition they protect from the sun.
(Pictures taken from : http://remodelinghouseideas.blogspot.co.uk/2011/12/japanese-translucent-sliding-doors-05.html , http://www.bigbobz.com/japanese-style-sliding-door-semi-transparent-design/ )